Near Norwich the
Norfolk Broads & Coast
Historical Society Meetings - Reports 2010:
Many thanks to all who have supported the Society in 2010 and we wish everyone a Happy New Year!
We hope everyone who attended our January meeting went away suitably educated about aviation in Norfolk! From the early days of balloon manufacture and flight right up to date with the Tornados at Marham, Stephen Pope guided us through the history. Did you know that Boulton and Paul of Norwich made the ironwork for airships and then actual whole aircraft for the first world war?
Our March talk is one for the ladies, with the History of the WI, and the men if they would like to know just what the ladies get up to on their nights out at the WI!! Needless to say everyone is welcome at 7 pm on 25th March at Cawston Village Hall. As usual refreshments will be available thanks to our wonderful group of ladies. Entrance costs are 50p for members and £1.50 for non-members.
We would like to give our best wishes to Terry and Eric of the Society committee who have not enjoyed a good start to 2010.
Our Programme to July 2010 is as following:-
Feb 25th The Castle Mall
March 25th History of the W.I.
April 22nd Archeology of Cawston, "Changed - was going to be May"
May 27th Peasants Revolt, "Changed - was going to be April"
Jun 24th How not to destroy your heirlooms
July 22nd At home in the 1930s
August: No meeting.
For enquires please contact:-
Chairman : Des Cook 01603 872111
Secretary : Theresa Carman 01603 871917
Treasurer : Terry Simons 01603 871523 or any
Mr & Mrs Salt gave an informative and illustrated account of the history of the Castle Mall.
The site was originally a central and massive farmers market for cattle and sheep, stretching from Rose Lane to the Castle meadows. It included an auction ring for the sale of the animals. Later the market moved to Harford and the site was eventually given over to car parking.
Work began in 1989 and demolition work started at Timberhill. The site was cleared for archaeological exploration and each area of the 4 acre site was mapped out.
The discoveries from this work included an air raid shelter built in 1939,
a well , a pre Norman conquest church and graveyard and kilns and dwellings dating back to Saxon times.
Bore holes were made down into the site and pylons were sunk into the earth to stabilise the site and establish solid foundations.
Initially, a bailey bridge was constructed to link the Castle Mall to the surrounding city and this was removed in 1992. Roads around the site were widened and new junctions created.
In the Castle Mall building there are 11 escalators and the main staircase is of a unique design. As part of the exterior of the site, gardens were extended to cover some of the site.
In all the total cost of the project was £145 Million.
March 25th History of the W.I.
22nd April – Talk: Archaeology of Cawston this is in place of:
The Peasants revolt which is now booked for the 27th May.
Meeting held at the Village Hall at 7pm
All welcome, Entrance - 50p members, £1.50 non members – include refreshments.
If like me, you thought a talk on the Womens Instititue would be uninteresting, you would be wrong.
Daphne Howlett outlined the history of the W.I. which is an organisation with a track record of campaigning on a range of social issues.
Formed in Canada by Adelaide Hoodless, she was concerned with such issues as sanitation, food hygiene and child care. She came from a farming family and saw at first hand the living conditions of farming women who had to bring up their children with little support from their husbands. It was observed at the time that farmers looked after their animals better than their wives or children.
Adelaide wished to support women as home makers.
In 1897, a meeting at Storey Creek in Canada was called and attended by over one hundred women and the Womens Institute was formed. Adelaide became the first president and adopted a motto for the organisation “ Home and Country” . Through her efforts, the WI spread throughout the world.
In this country in 1915 women had no vote, little education and often lived in unsuitable conditions. The first WI was formed in the Isle of Angelesey and the organisation grew quickly. It was supported in 1917 by a government grant to encourage its work and its first president was Lady Evelyn Suffield.
It was an organisation formed for all women interested in rural life and over the years has campaigned politically on a range of issues including education for girls in home economics, hot meals in schools and of course votes for women. It is however, independent of political parties.
Its high point was in 1960 when it had 300 institutes and 10,000 members.
The Federation of WI's in Norfolk was formed in 1917 and the Cawston WI was formed in 1921 and continues to this day.
Please note our next two talks are:-
Archeology of Cawston April 22nd Tim Pestell
There was a good turn out for the talk about archaeology in Cawston given by Mr Andrew Rogerson, a Landscape archaeologistwho works for the Norfolk Museums and Archaeology Service. He showed us maps of the archaeological finds in Cawston dating back to the Iron Age. Unfortunately he didn't have many pictures of the items that have been found in Cawston/Eastgatel Sygate over the years. The early finds were north of our present village centre but as the timeline progressed the finds were mainly around the village centre, probably by way of people metal detecting in their gardens. The finds are documented and kept in the Norfolk Archive Centre in Norwich if anyone is interested in seeing what has been found.
Our June meeting will take place on Thursday 24'" June at 7 pm and is a talk by 'Sarah
Norcross Robinson on "How not to destroy your heirlooms", our July meeting will be
on July 22nd and the talk will be about "At Home in the 1930's".
Everyone is welcome and of course the Village Hall now has its wonderful new heating system, stage and tannoy system so we benefit enormously as a group. Many thanks to the Village Hall Committee for the hours spent making it happen!
At the time of the Peasants' Revolt in England in 1381, this country was in a state of chaos. The Black Death had affected all classes, but of course the poorest were most affected. We were at war with France, there was a shortage of skilled artisans and corruption was rife in government - any of this sound familiar?
At this time Norfolk was the richest county in the country and Norwich itself was ruled by a merchant elite. The monasteries owned considerable swathes of land and the monks were generally hated by the population. In 1371 the tax system had been revised and the new poll tax had been introduced. This tax was enforced by collectors who were sent to count the population.
The economy was in a parlous state and the army went unpaid and were becoming restive. It was also a time of poor harvests. On top of this, the Chancellor Simon Sudbury, demanded a huge sum of money, to continue to fight the war against France. This was the background against which the Peasants' Revolt was launched. In Norfolk the leader was Geoffrey Lister, in Kent it was Wat Tyler.
The rebels convened a meeting in Kings Street, Norwich. In Kent and Essex the rebels, after sacking Rochester and capturing Colchester, formed two huge armies in London. The King met the rebels in London and acceded to all their demands and many of the rebels went home, but others stayed and continued to wreak havoc. Eventually the rebels were defeated and put to death and today only their names remain as leaders of a rebellion. Their demands for an end to some of the worst excesses of feudalism were not met, nor their demand for an amnesty for the revolt leaders. In time of course the creation of an army of landless labourers and the beginnings of the payment of wages for services. spelled the end of feudalism. '
We welcomed Sarah Norcross Robinson to the Village Hall in June, she told US all about "how not to destroy your heirlooms". It was a very interesting and informative talk with slides that showed what hoppened when historical items are not stored and cared for properly, one would never have guessed the skeleton on the perch had been a beautiful, stuffed, white owl before being attacked! She works for the Norfolk Museums Service, so she is an expert. She even brought samples of the materials that are best for purpose and told us of a website; www.arcare.com where you can buy everything you might need to preserve old photos, clothing and other items. She gave the Historical Society some very important tips about our present preservation techniques too!
Many thanks once again to all our helpers with the tea and cakes, Ivy, Sandra, Jenny and Patsy, your help is highly valued by all the committee and members!
There will be NO MEETING IN AUGUST due to the holiday season, happy holidays everyone!
23rd Sep -Talk about - Good Old Norfolk by Mr Neil Storey.
28th Oct - Talk about - Henry Blogg & Cromer Lifeboat by RNLI Museum.
25th Nov - Talk about - Transport of Delight by Mr & Mrs Salt.
All meeting are at the Village Hall and start at the new time of 7.15pm
December - No meeting.
Hoping everyone is enjoying their summer holidays, we can’t complain that we haven’t had a decent summer this year …or can we??
Our meeting in July was very interesting indeed; I took so many notes that I’ve had trouble picking out a few facts and figures to add. It was entitled “At Home in the 1930's” by Katrina Siliprandi.
The 1930’s revolutionalised home life, although it seems much of the inventions of the 30’s didn’t appear in our neck of the woods until the 50’s and 60’s. Here’s a list of new things that you could buy in the 1930’s:
Black and white tv’s, Standard lamps, Fitted kitchens (with “dresser” included), Flush toilets, Football Pools, Labour saving electrical devices like irons and vacuum cleaners, Women’s Own and Woman magazines were new out, Stainless steel cutlery, Black Bakelite telephones, Porridge and custard in packets, Breakfast cereals in packets, Salmon and peaches in tins, Stop Me and Buy One ice cream carts.
Butlins opened in 1937 at Skegness, cinema became very popular with the likes of
Ginger Rogers and Fred Astaire and Walt Disney, Whist drives were a popular entertainment
No meeting will be held in August because the committee thought everyone might be on their holidays.
So our next meeting will be on Thursday 23rd September in Cawston Village Hall and it’s a talk by Mr Neil Storey entitled “Good Old Norfolk”.
As with all of our meetings now, it will start at 7.15. For any of you who haven’t attended before, entrance is £1.50 for non-members and just 50p for members, with free cups of tea and coffee and cakes after the talk and a raffle.
We would love to welcome new people to our talks and to the society in general so if any of our regular attendees could persuade others to come along that would be wonderful, remind them that they are part of Cawston’s 2010 history!
Is anybody out there good at drawing faces as we would like to produce a series of pictures and write ups about local people, the idea has come from another village magazine where in each quarterly magazine they have a 2 page spread dedicated to a long term resident of the village, coming from North and South Creake the series is entitled “The Creakers”. Any suggestions as to what we could call our Cawston folk would be welcomed and of course nominations of who should be featured and/or details about them would be great.
We look forward to seeing you there!
Hope everyone is enjoying their summer holidays. We didn't have a meeting in August because we thought everyone might be on their holidays!
Our next meeting will be an Thursday 23rd September in Cawston Village Hall and it's
a talk by Mr. Neil Storey entitled 'Good Old Norfolk".
As with all our meetings now, it will start at 7.15 pm. For any of you who haven't attended before, entrance is £1.50 for non-members and just 50p for members, with free cups of tea or coffee and cakes after the talk and a raffle.
"Good Old Norfolk" was the title of our September talk and if anyone was in doubt about the title then Mr Neil Storey put them right! Through his collection of old photos he transported us back to early 20'h century Norfolk. From Sheringham Shanks to Warreners, he covered all aspects of Norfolk country living. His jovial talk, using many "good old Norfolk" phrases and terms, raised many chuckles from our large audience; Neil is certainly a speaker we will ask back.
Neil has written many books on varied subjects and having "googled" his name on the Internet I found his books available from many different sources if anyone is interested, Jarrolds or even Barnwells are probably a good source too.
So onto our next meeting, having hopefully enjoyed and been enlightened about another good old Norfolk boy, Henry Blogg. in October, we have on the 25th November a talk about "Transport of Delight" by Mr & Mrs Salt. The talk will begin at 7.15 pm in Cawston Village Hall as always, with refreshments and a raffle, for the princely sum of 50p for members and confirmation that the cost for non-members is now £2.00 . Please do come along.
Another great turn out of folk to listen to and watch the illustrated talk from the RNLI in October. With the help of some fantastic photos taken from the shore we relived the rescue of the two crew members of the sailing barge, Sepoy, by Henry Blogg in the H F Bailey lifeboat in huge seas off Cromer in 1933. He won his second silver RNLI medal for this rescue, one of four silver medals to go with his three gold, the George Cross and the British Empire medal amongst others! In the church of St Peter and St Paul in Cromer there is a commemorative stained glass window to this rescue. What brave volunteers these Norfolk men were! Many thanks must go to our own willing volunteers who agreed to try on the three different life jackets that the RNLI brought along too.
Our talk on the 25th November will be about Transport of Delight, we have a blank month in December. If anyone has any suggestions for speakers for 2011 please don’t hesitate in telling the committee and of course if anyone has any memorabilia, new and old concerning Cawston we would be delighted to add items to our collection. Of course if anyone is interested in looking at our history archive please don’t hesitate to contact the committee. The Archive room is open at every meeting.
We have decided, because of potential bad weather, that on Thursday 27th January we will have a Night with a Difference where we can all have a mardle, reminisce and perhaps plan our future Cawston history!
On Thursday 24th February we welcome Neil Storey back for a talk and slideshow on The Longest Night, referring to the 1953 floods in Norfolk, no doubt this will bring back good and bad memories for people.
Remember, history is only a tick away
Transport of Delight was the name of our talk by Mr and Mrs Salt on the snowy and cold evening of Thursday 25th November. It certainly turned out to be a delightful talk and slideshow about all the early forms of transport here in Norfolk, horse and carts, bicycles, horse drawn trams, electrified trams, motor bicycles, buses, cars, steam engines, aeroplanes and airships etc. We were treated to slides showing the network of trams in Norwich, the building of the tramways, the three Norwich train stations, the hill climbs that took place up Ringland Hills on early motorbikes, R O Clark competing in the IOM TT, Bussey and Sabberton Bros adverts, etchings of a very serious railway crash from 1874 and aerial photos of Norwich after the Blitz to name but a few. All in all a very interesting night was had by all.
Our Chairman thanked everyone for their help during 2010 especially Ivy Lake who was presented with a gift as a thank you for making cakes for our meetings over the year. He also thanked all members and non-members for their support of our meetings. Here’s thanks to Des himself for all the effort he puts into Cawston Historical Society too!
Obviously there won’t be a December meeting but on Thursday 27th January at 7.15pm we are having an Evening with a Difference, everyone will be able to browse our archive, have a mardle and we would also like to introduce newcomers to our village and historical society, Andrew and Susie Timms. Susie, a published author, is so interested in history that she has agreed to write a book about the history of Cawston! We would therefore like everyone to come along, if possible, who can have any input at all into this project.
We wish everyone a very happy and healthy Christmas and New Year!