We hope everyone who attended our
January meeting went away suitably educated about aviation in
Norfolk! From the early days of balloon manufacture and flight
right up to date with the Tornados at Marham, Stephen Pope
guided us through the history. Did you know that Boulton and
Paul of Norwich made the ironwork for airships and then actual
whole aircraft for the first world war?
Our March talk is one for the
ladies, with the History of the WI, and the men if they would
like to know just what the ladies get up to on their nights out
at the WI!! Needless to say everyone is welcome at 7 pm on 25th
March at Cawston Village Hall. As usual refreshments will be
available thanks to our wonderful group of ladies. Entrance
costs are 50p for members and £1.50 for non-members.
We would like to give our best
wishes to Terry and Eric of the Society committee who have not
enjoyed a good start to 2010.
Our Programme to July 2010 is as
Feb 25th The Castle Mall
March 25th History of the W.I.
April 22nd Archeology of Cawston,
"Changed - was going to be May"
May 27th Peasants Revolt, "Changed - was
going to be April"
How not to destroy your heirlooms
July 22nd At home in the 1930s
August: No meeting.
For enquires please contact:-
Chairman : Des Cook
Secretary : Theresa Carman 01603
Treasurer : Terry Simons
01603 871523 or any
All Welcome: Entrance is 50p members and £1-50 for non- members. This
February 2010 Meeting
Castle Mall: Talk at the Historical Society Cawston - 25th
Mrs Salt gave an informative and illustrated account of the history
of the Castle Mall.
site was originally a central and massive farmers market for cattle
and sheep, stretching from Rose Lane to the Castle meadows. It
included an auction ring for the sale of the animals. Later the
market moved to Harford and the site was eventually given over to
began in 1989 and demolition work started at Timberhill. The site
was cleared for archaeological exploration and each area of the 4
acre site was mapped out.
discoveries from this work included an air raid shelter built in
well , a pre Norman conquest church and graveyard and kilns and
dwellings dating back to Saxon times.
holes were made down into the site and pylons were sunk into the
earth to stabilise the site and establish solid foundations.
Initially, a bailey bridge was constructed to link the Castle Mall
to the surrounding city and this was removed in 1992. Roads around
the site were widened and new junctions created.
the Castle Mall building there are 11 escalators and the main
staircase is of a unique design. As part of the exterior of the
site, gardens were extended to cover some of the site.
all the total cost of the project was £145 Million.
March 25th History of the W.I.
22nd April – Talk: Archaeology of Cawston this is in place of:
The Peasants revolt which is now booked for the 27th May.
Meeting held at the Village Hall at 7pm
All welcome, Entrance - 50p members, £1.50 non members – include
March 2010 Meeting Report
Talk:- The Womens Institute -
If like me, you thought a talk on the
Womens Instititue would be uninteresting, you would be wrong.
Daphne Howlett outlined the history
of the W.I. which is an organisation with a track record of
campaigning on a range of social issues.
Formed in Canada by Adelaide
Hoodless, she was concerned with such issues as sanitation, food
hygiene and child care. She came from a farming family and saw at
first hand the living conditions of farming women who had to bring
up their children with little support from their husbands. It was
observed at the time that farmers looked after their animals better
than their wives or children.
Adelaide wished to support women as
In 1897, a meeting at Storey Creek in
Canada was called and attended by over one hundred women and the
Womens Institute was formed. Adelaide became the first president and
adopted a motto for the organisation “ Home and Country” . Through
her efforts, the WI spread throughout the world.
In this country in 1915 women had no
vote, little education and often lived in unsuitable conditions. The
first WI was formed in the Isle of Angelesey and the organisation
grew quickly. It was supported in 1917 by a government grant to
encourage its work and its first president was Lady Evelyn Suffield.
It was an organisation formed for all
women interested in rural life and over the years has campaigned
politically on a range of issues including education for girls in
home economics, hot meals in schools and of course votes for women.
It is however, independent of political parties.
Its high point was in 1960 when it
had 300 institutes and 10,000 members.
The Federation of WI's in Norfolk was
formed in 1917 and the Cawston WI was formed in
1921 and continues to this day.
note our next two talks are:-
Archeology of Cawston April 22nd Tim Pestell
Revolt May 27th Barbara Miller
April 2010 Meeting Report
There was a good turn out for the talk about archaeology in Cawston
given by Mr Andrew Rogerson, a Landscape archaeologistwho works for
the Norfolk Museums and Archaeology Service. He showed us maps of
the archaeological finds in Cawston dating back to the Iron Age.
Unfortunately he didn't have many pictures of the items that have
been found in Cawston/Eastgatel Sygate over the years. The early
finds were north of our present village centre but as the timeline
progressed the finds were mainly around the village centre, probably
by way of people metal detecting in their gardens. The finds are
documented and kept in the Norfolk Archive Centre in Norwich if
anyone is interested in seeing what has been found.
Our June meeting will take place on Thursday 24'"
June at 7 pm and is a talk by 'Sarah Norcross Robinson on "How not
to destroy your heirlooms", our July meeting will be
on July 22nd
and the talk will be about "At Home in the 1930's".
Everyone is welcome and of course the
Village Hall now has its
wonderful new heating system, stage and tannoy system so we benefit
enormously as a group. Many thanks to the Village Hall Committee for
the hours spent making it happen!
Our May talk by Barbara Miller
provided a fascinating account of the background and circumstances
of the Peasants' Revolt.
At the time of the Peasants' Revolt in
England in 1381, this country was in a state of chaos. The Black
Death had affected all classes, but of course the poorest were most
affected. We were at war with France, there was a shortage of
skilled artisans and corruption was rife in government - any of this
At this time Norfolk was the richest
county in the country and Norwich itself was ruled by a merchant
elite. The monasteries owned considerable swathes of land and the
monks were generally hated by the population. In 1371 the tax system
had been revised and the new poll tax had been introduced. This tax
was enforced by collectors who were sent to count the population.
The economy was in a parlous state and
the army went unpaid and were becoming restive. It was also a time
of poor harvests. On top of this, the Chancellor Simon Sudbury,
demanded a huge sum of money, to continue to fight the war against
France. This was the background against which the Peasants' Revolt
was launched. In Norfolk the leader was Geoffrey Lister, in Kent it
was Wat Tyler.
The rebels convened a meeting in Kings
Street, Norwich. In Kent and Essex the rebels, after sacking
Rochester and capturing Colchester, formed two huge armies in
London. The King met the rebels in London and acceded to all their
demands and many of the rebels went home, but others stayed and
continued to wreak havoc. Eventually the rebels were defeated and
put to death and today only their names remain as leaders of a
rebellion. Their demands for an end to some of the worst excesses of
feudalism were not met, nor their demand for an amnesty for the
revolt leaders. In time of course the creation of an army of
landless labourers and the beginnings of the payment of wages for
services. spelled the end of feudalism. '
Our talk on Thursday July 22nd at the Village Hall
will be about At Home in the
June 2010 Meeting Report
We welcomed Sarah Norcross Robinson to the Village Hall in June, she
US all about "how not to destroy your heirlooms". It was a
very interesting and informative talk with slides that showed what
hoppened when historical items are not stored and cared for
properly, one would never have guessed the skeleton on the perch had
been a beautiful, stuffed, white owl before being attacked! She
works for the Norfolk Museums Service, so she is an expert. She even
brought samples of the materials that are best for purpose and told
us of a website;
you can buy everything you might need to preserve old photos,
clothing and other items. She gave the Historical Society some very
important tips about our present preservation techniques too!
Many thanks once again to all our helpers with the tea and cakes,
Ivy, Sandra, Jenny and Patsy, your help is highly valued by all the
committee and members!
There will be NO MEETING IN AUGUST due to the holiday season, happy
23rd Sep -Talk about -
Good Old Norfolk by Mr Neil Storey.
28th Oct - Talk about - Henry Blogg & Cromer Lifeboat by RNLI
25th Nov - Talk about - Transport of Delight by Mr & Mrs Salt.
All meeting are at the
and start at the new time of 7.15pm
December - No meeting.
Take a look at
and click on the "What's On" link for a full list of events and
talks that they have planned for July, August and September.
July 2010 Meeting Report
Hoping everyone is enjoying their summer
holidays, we can’t complain that we haven’t had a decent summer this
year …or can we??
Our meeting in July was very interesting
indeed; I took so many notes that I’ve had trouble picking out a few
facts and figures to add. It was entitled “At Home in the
1930's” by Katrina Siliprandi.
The 1930’s revolutionalised home life, although
it seems much of the inventions of the 30’s didn’t appear in our
neck of the woods until the 50’s and 60’s. Here’s a list of new
things that you could buy in the 1930’s:
Black and white tv’s, Standard lamps, Fitted
kitchens (with “dresser” included), Flush toilets, Football Pools,
Labour saving electrical devices like irons and vacuum cleaners,
Women’s Own and Woman magazines were new out, Stainless steel
cutlery, Black Bakelite telephones, Porridge and custard in packets,
Breakfast cereals in packets, Salmon and peaches in tins, Stop Me
and Buy One ice cream carts.
Butlins opened in 1937 at Skegness, cinema
became very popular with the likes of Ginger Rogers and Fred Astaire
and Walt Disney, Whist drives were a popular entertainment too.
No meeting will be held in August because the committee thought
everyone might be on their holidays.
So our next meeting will be on Thursday 23rd
September in Cawston Village Hall and it’s a talk by Mr Neil Storey
entitled “Good Old Norfolk”.
As with all of our meetings now, it will start
at 7.15. For any of you who haven’t attended before, entrance is
£1.50 for non-members and just 50p for members, with free cups of
tea and coffee and cakes after the talk and a raffle.
We would love to welcome new people to our
talks and to the society in general so if any of our regular
attendees could persuade others to come along that would be
wonderful, remind them that they are part of Cawston’s 2010 history!
Is anybody out there good at drawing faces as
we would like to produce a series of pictures and write ups about
local people, the idea has come from another
village magazine where
in each quarterly magazine they have a 2 page spread dedicated to a
long term resident of the village, coming from North and South Creake the series is entitled “The Creakers”. Any suggestions as to
what we could call our Cawston folk would be welcomed and of course
nominations of who should be featured and/or details about them
would be great.
We look forward to seeing you there!
Hope everyone is enjoying their summer holidays. We didn't have a
meeting in August because we thought everyone might be on their holidays!
Our next meeting will be an Thursday 23rd
September in Cawston
Village Hall and it's a talk by Mr.
Neil Storey entitled 'Good Old Norfolk".
As with all our meetings now, it will start at 7.15 pm. For any of
you who haven't attended before, entrance is £1.50
for non-members and
just 50p for members, with free cups of tea or coffee and cakes
after the talk and a raffle.
We look forward to seeing you.
September 2010 Meeting Report
"Good Old Norfolk" was
the title of our September talk and if anyone was in doubt about the
title then Mr Neil Storey put them right! Through his collection of
old photos he transported us back to early 20'h century Norfolk.
From Sheringham Shanks to
Warreners, he covered all aspects of Norfolk country living. His
jovial talk, using many "good old Norfolk" phrases and terms, raised
many chuckles from our large audience; Neil is certainly a speaker
we will ask back.
Neil has written many
books on varied subjects and having "googled" his name on the
Internet I found his books available from many different sources if
anyone is interested, Jarrolds or even Barnwells are probably a good
So onto our next meeting,
having hopefully enjoyed and been enlightened about another good old
Norfolk boy, Henry Blogg. in October, we have on the 25th November a
talk about "Transport of Delight" by Mr & Mrs Salt. The talk will
begin at 7.15 pm in Cawston Village Hall as always, with
refreshments and a raffle, for the princely sum of 50p for members
and confirmation that the cost for non-members is now £2.00 . Please
do come along.
October 2010 Meeting Report
Another great turn out of folk to listen to and watch the
illustrated talk from the RNLI in October. With the help of some
fantastic photos taken from the shore we relived the rescue of the
two crew members of the sailing barge, Sepoy, by Henry Blogg in the
H F Bailey lifeboat in huge seas off Cromer in 1933. He won his
second silver RNLI medal for this rescue, one of four silver medals
to go with his three gold, the George Cross and the British Empire
medal amongst others! In the church of St Peter and St Paul in
Cromer there is a commemorative stained glass window to this
rescue. What brave volunteers these Norfolk men were! Many thanks
must go to our own willing volunteers who agreed to try on the three
different life jackets that the RNLI brought along too.
Our talk on the 25th November will be about
Transport of Delight, we have a blank month in December. If anyone
has any suggestions for speakers for 2011 please don’t hesitate in
telling the committee and of course if anyone has any memorabilia,
new and old concerning Cawston we would be delighted to add items to
our collection. Of course if anyone is interested in looking at our
history archive please don’t hesitate to contact the committee. The
Archive room is open at every meeting.
We have decided, because of potential bad
weather, that on Thursday 27th January we will have a
Night with a Difference where we can all have a mardle, reminisce
and perhaps plan our future Cawston history!
On Thursday 24th February we welcome
Neil Storey back for a talk and slideshow on The Longest Night,
referring to the 1953 floods in Norfolk, no doubt this will bring
back good and bad memories for people.
Remember, history is only a tick away
November 2010 Meeting Report
Transport of Delight was the name of our talk by Mr and Mrs Salt on
the snowy and cold evening of Thursday 25th November. It
certainly turned out to be a delightful talk and slideshow about all
the early forms of transport here in Norfolk, horse and carts,
bicycles, horse drawn trams, electrified trams, motor bicycles,
buses, cars, steam engines, aeroplanes and airships etc. We were
treated to slides showing the network of trams in Norwich, the
building of the tramways, the three Norwich train stations, the hill
climbs that took place up Ringland Hills on early motorbikes, R O
Clark competing in the IOM TT, Bussey and Sabberton Bros adverts,
etchings of a very serious railway crash from 1874 and aerial photos
of Norwich after the Blitz to name but a few. All in all a very
interesting night was had by all.
Our Chairman thanked everyone for their help
during 2010 especially Ivy Lake who was presented with a gift as a
thank you for making cakes for our meetings over the year. He also
thanked all members and non-members for their support of our
meetings. Here’s thanks to Des himself for all the effort he puts
into Cawston Historical Society too!
Obviously there won’t be a December meeting but
on Thursday 27th January at 7.15pm we are having an Evening with a
Difference, everyone will be able to browse our archive, have a
mardle and we would also like to introduce newcomers to our village
and historical society, Andrew and Susie Timms. Susie, a published
author, is so interested in history that she has agreed to write a
book about the history of Cawston! We would therefore like
everyone to come along, if possible, who can have any input at all
into this project.
December Report 2010
No meeting this month, next meeting 27th January 2011,
please do come along, you will be made very welcome.